Flat Earth Experiment

Flat Earth Experiment

A “tongue in cheek” close-up Photomicrography view of a marble, where I illustrate that when you look at a spherical object close enough, it seems to be flat. If one subscribes to “Flat Earth Theory”, it would mean that this photo proves that the Marble is flat!

How Eratosthenes calculated that the Earth was round in the 3rd Century BC already. Clip from Cosmos – Carl Sagan.  https://youtu.be/G8cbIWMv0rI

Just for the record, I never believed that the Earth is flat. A lifetime of careful observation of the known Universe, and the basic laws of Physics disproves these claims. This simple experiment is aimed at getting people to think for themselves and draw their own conclusions, by observing the world around them.

View my Astrophotography Gallery, with some of my Astronomical observations on my journey of self-study and Lifelong learning.

Why is the marble on a turtle’s back?
A short excerpt from: “A Brief History of Time” – “A well-known scientist (some say it was Bertrand Russell) once gave a public lecture on astronomy. He described how the earth orbits around the sun and how the sun, in turn, orbits around the center of a vast collection of stars called our galaxy. At the end of the lecture, a little old lady at the back of the room got up and said: “What you have told us is rubbish. The world is really a flat plate supported on the back of a giant tortoise.” The scientist gave a superior smile before replying, “What is the tortoise standing on?” “You’re very clever, young man, very clever,” said the old lady. “But it’s turtles all the way down!” ― Stephen Hawking.

Earth’s Line of Sight Curvature Calculations:
The Earth has a radius of approximately 3965 miles. Using the Pythagorean theorem, that calculates to an average curvature of 7.98 inches per mile or approximately 8 inches per mile (squared).  http://www.davidsenesac.com/Information/line_of_sight.html

About this image:
The image consists of 24 x Focus Stacked photos, as the Depth of Field is very shallow when one photographs through a Microscope Objective Lens.

HD Live-Feed of Earth from the ISS:  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RtU_mdL2vBM

Richard Feynman’s famous conclusion to his report on the shuttle Challenger accident sums it up. “Reality must take precedence over public relations, for <b>Nature cannot be fooled</b>.” – Richard P. Feynman.

Martin Heigan



Zircon Crystals and the age of Earth

How tiny Zircon Crystals – Zirconium silicate (ZrSiO4) helped determine the age of the Earth (at approximately 4.5 Billion years old since the crust cooled), with Radiometric U-Pb (Uranium-Lead) dating.

Zircon Crystals trap Uranium Atoms in its crystal structure and naturally repel Lead Atoms when the crystal forms. Once the crystal structure is formed, nothing is able to escape. Over time the isotopes of Uranium start to transmutate into other elements in a process that is referred to as a decay chain.

An Uranium Atom first transmutates into a Thorium Atom (which takes a few billion years). Thorium is far more unstable, and in less than a month it turns into Protactinium. Within a minute Protactinium Atoms transmute again, and so the transmutation continues down the decay chain. At the end of the radioactive decay chain, the initial trapped Uranium Atoms finally decays into stable Lead (Pb) Atoms, which will remain Lead forever. The decay rate and time associated with each transmutation is constant in the Universe, which makes it possible to calculate the age of the crystal with Radiometric dating.

As Zircon Crystals are tough, it is the oldest geological time-capsules that survived in Earth’s dynamic and ever-changing crust since it cooled. As nothing can get in or out of the Zircon Crystal structure, it is the most accurate way of geological dating.

By comparing the Uranium to Lead ratio in Zirconium silicate crystals on Earth, from Moon samples and from visiting Meteorites, Scientists were able to calculate that the Earth is 4.54 billion years old. The error margin is 50 million years, which is small considering the time-scale.

More info.


anti-matter-3d.com | Photography

Infinite Regress

My latest photography eBook – Infinite Regress – A study of Nature from close-up Macro Photography, to Landscapes, Wildlife and Astrophotography of the observable Universe.
Infinite Regress eBook

Bismuth Crystal Photomicrography

A close-up 10:1 Photomicrography image of a Bismuth Crystal.

Bismuth is a chemical element that has the symbol Bi. Bismuth is the most naturally diamagnetic of all metals, and only mercury has a lower thermal conductivity. The spiral stair stepped structure of a bismuth crystal is the result of a higher growth rate around the outside edges than on the inside edges. The variations in the thickness of the oxide layer that forms on the surface of the crystal causes different wavelengths of light to interfere upon reflection, thus displaying a rainbow of colors.

Moth Wing Cilia and Scales

A close-up 10:1 microscopic photograph of the Cilia and Scales on a Cream-striped owl Moth’s wings (Cyligramma latona).

Nikon CFI Plan 10X Microscope Objective.
Nikkor 105mm f/2.8G ED IF AF-S VR Lens.
Manfrotto 454 Micrometric Positioning Sliding Plate.
Not included: Lots of patience.


Owl Moth Wing Marking Photomicrography

A close-up 10:1 microscopic photograph of the color markings on the wings of a Cream-striped owl Moth (Cyligramma latona).

Nikon CFI Plan 10X Microscope Objective.
Nikkor 105mm f/2.8G ED IF AF-S VR Lens.
Manfrotto 454 Micrometric Positioning Sliding Plate.
Not included: Lots of patience.


The Sculptor Galaxy (NGC 253)

The oldest light that I’ve captured thus far, from a Galaxy far, far away (situated 11.42 million light years from Earth).

One of my favorite quotes, which explains my fascination not only with the very small Macro and Microscopic objects that I started photographing many years ago, but also explains why I like looking up to photograph the Cosmos at a grander scale.

“When we consider cutting this apple pie, but down beyond a single atom we confront an infinity of the very small, and when we look up at the night sky we confront an infinity of the very large. These infinities are among the most awesome of human ideas. They represent an unending regress which goes on not just very far, but forever.” – Carl Sagan – Cosmos – The Lives of the Stars.

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